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US Unveils Plan To Counter China With India’s Rise

National Security Advisor stated US seeks to make sure that allies, companions can shield their sovereignity

Highlights

  • Trump administration declassified its technique to counter China
  • Strategy focuses capability to defend Taiwan in opposition to an assault
  • Trump’s actions to counter China have largely loved bipartisan assist

The Trump administration declassified its technique to make sure continued dominance over China, which focuses on accelerating India’s rise as a counterweight to Beijing and the power to defend Taiwan in opposition to an assault.

National Security Advisor Robert O’Brien on Tuesday introduced the publication of the doc, titled “United States Strategic Framework for the Indo-Pacific.” Approved by President Donald Trump in February 2018, it offered the “overarching strategic guidance” for U.S. actions the previous three years and was launched to indicate the U.S. dedication to “keeping the Indo-Pacific region free and open long into the future,” O’Brien stated in an announcement.

“Beijing is increasingly pressuring Indo-Pacific nations to subordinate their freedom and sovereignty to a ‘common destiny’ envisioned by the Chinese Communist Party,” O’Brien stated in an expanded assertion. “The U.S. approach is different. We seek to ensure that our allies and partners – all who share the values and aspirations of a free and open Indo-Pacific — can preserve and protect their sovereignty.”

The doc lays out a imaginative and prescient for the area during which North Korea not poses a menace, India is predominant in South Asia and the U.S. works with companions around the globe to withstand Chinese actions to undermine sovereignty by means of coercion. It assumed that China will take “increasingly assertive” steps to compel unification with Taiwan and warns that its dominance of cutting-edge applied sciences like synthetic intelligence will “pose profound challenges to free societies.”

While the timing of the discharge only a week earlier than President-elect Joe Biden takes workplace raises questions concerning the motive, the Trump administration’s actions to counter China in Asia have largely loved bipartisan assist. Incoming Biden officers have talked about the necessity to work extra with allies and companions in opposition to China, which additionally varieties a key a part of the technique — notably in strengthening safety ties with Australia, Japan and India.

Newsbeep

Rory Medcalf, a professor and head of the National Security College on the Australian National University, stated that the doc reveals U.S. coverage in Asia was pushed by efforts to “bolster allies and counter China.” But he famous that the technique was so bold that “failure was almost assured” on points corresponding to disarming North Korea, sustaining “primacy” within the area and discovering worldwide consensus in opposition to dangerous Chinese financial practices.

“The declassified framework will have enduring value as the beginning of a whole-of-government blueprint for handling strategic rivalry with China,” Medcalf wrote in a put up for the Australian Strategic Policy Institute analysis group. “If the U.S. is serious about that long-term contest, it will not be able to choose between getting its house in order domestically and projecting power in the Indo-Pacific. It will need to do both at once.”

Key highlights of the report embrace:

China

  • Assumes China “aims to dissolve U.S. alliances and partnerships in the region. China will exploit vacuums and opportunities created by these diminished bonds.”
  • “China seeks to dominate cutting-edge technologies, including artificial intelligence and bio-genetics, and harness them in the service of authoritarianism. Chinese dominance in these technologies would pose profound challenges to free societies.”
  • “China will take increasingly assertive steps to compel unification with Taiwan.”
  • Act to “counter Chinese predatory economic practices that freeze out foreign competition, undermine U.S. economic competitiveness, and abet the Chinese Communist Party’s aspiration to dominate the 21st century economy.”
  • “Build an international consensus that China’s industrial policies and unfair trading practices are damaging the global trading system.”
  • “Work closely with allies and like-minded countries to prevent Chinese acquisition of military and strategic capabilities.”

India

  • Desired final result: “India’s preferred partner on security issues is the United States. The two cooperate to preserve maritime security and counter Chinese influence in South and Southeast Asia and other regions of mutual concern.”
  • “India remains preeminent in South Asia and takes the leading role in maintaining Indian Ocean security.”
  • “Accelerate India’s rise and capacity to serve as a net provider of security and Major Defense Partner; solidify an enduring strategic partnership with India underpinned by a strong Indian military.”
  • “Strengthen the capacity of emerging partners in South Asia, including the Maldives, Bangladesh, and Sri Lanka, to contribute to a free and open order.”

Taiwan

  • “Devise and implement a defense strategy capable of, but not limited to: (1) denying China sustained air and sea dominance inside the “first island chain” in a conflict; (2) defending the first-island-chain nations, including Taiwan; and (3) dominating all domains outside the first island-chain.”
  • “Enable Taiwan to develop an effective asymmetric defense strategy and capabilities that will help ensure its security, freedom from coercion, resilience, and ability to engage China on its own terms.”

North Korea

  • Objective: “Convince the Kim regime that the only path to its survival is to relinquish its nuclear weapons.”
  • “Maximize pressure on Pyongyang using economic, diplomatic, military, law enforcement, intelligence, and information tools to cripple North Korea’s weapons of mass destruction programs, choke off currency flows, weaken the regime, and set the conditions for negotiations aimed at reversing its nuclear and missile programs, ultimately achieving the complete, verifiable, and irreversible denuclearization of the Peninsula.”
  • “Do this by: (1) helping South Korea and Japan acquire advanced, conventional military capabilities; (2) drawing south Korea and Japan closer to one another.”

Southeast Asia

  • Objective: “Promote and reinforce Southeast Asia and Asean’s central role in the region’s security architecture, and encourage it to speak with one voice on key issues.”
  • “Promote an integrated economic development model in the Indo-Pacific that provides a credible alternative to One Belt One Road; create a task force on how best to use public-private partnerships.”

(Except for the headline, this story has not been edited by NDTV employees and is revealed from a syndicated feed.)

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