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India-US 2+2 talks tomorrow: Dialogue to contain defence, exterior affairs ministries, key safety deal on agenda – India News , Firstpost

The upcoming US-India 2+2 Ministerial Dialogue would be the third such version between India and the United States

File picture of S Jaishankar and Mike Pompeo. PTI

With US Secretary of State Michael Pompeo and Defence Secretary Mark T Esper to achieve India on Monday, all eyes at the moment are on the two+2 dialogue between the 2 international locations slated for Tuesday.

The dialogue, which comes within the backdrop of heightened tensions between India and China alongside the Line of Actual Control, shall be essential for New Delhi’s defence and strategic pursuits.

The upcoming US-India 2+2 Ministerial Dialogue would be the third such version between India and the United States. According to a press release by the Union Ministry of External Affairs, the dialogue will entail a complete dialogue on cross-cutting bilateral points in addition to deliberations on regional and international developments.

IndiaUS 22 talks tomorrow Dialogue to involve defence external affairs ministries key security deal on agenda

Here is an summary of what the two+2 dialogue is all about —

Origin

The 2+2 dialogue format is called as such as a result of it’s a dialogue mechanism between two appointed ministries of the 2 international locations participating within the talks.

Japan has pioneered the format for a few years, and has used it for its interactions with the US, France, Russia and Australia, in line with an article in The Statesman.

India has additionally been holding the two+2 dialogue with Japan virtually yearly since 2010. However, the talks have been led by secretary-level officers from either side. The dialogue mechanism between the 2 international locations was established as per the Action Plan to Advance Security Cooperation agreed between the 2 international locations in December 2009. Among the matters which were mentioned in these talks are army logistics agreements and strategic infrastructure tasks.

In the current case, the dialogue is between the defence and exterior affairs ministries of India and US. The 2+2 talks between New Delhi and Washington substitute the Strategic and Commercial Dialogue that was held between the international and commerce ministers of the 2 international locations within the Barack Obama period.

This 12 months’s meet can be significantly vital because it comes amid the growing relevance of the Quad grouping, which met earlier this month.

Who will take part within the upcoming 2+2 talks?

US Secretary of State Mike Pompeo and Defense Secretary Mark Esper will maintain conferences with External Affairs Minister S Jaishankar and Defense Minister Rajnath Singh as a part of the talks on Tuesday.

The visiting leaders will even meet Prime Minister Narendra Modi and maintain discussions with different authorities and enterprise leaders on methods to advance the US-India Comprehensive Global Strategic Partnership.

What is the dialogue anticipated to realize?

A number of essential bilateral, regional and international points together with China’s efforts to develop affect within the Indo-Pacific area in addition to its aggressive behaviour in jap Ladakh is more likely to determine within the talks.

Last week, exterior affairs ministry spokesperson Anurag Srivastava stated the talks will entail a complete dialogue on cross-cutting bilateral points in addition to deliberations on regional and international developments.

According to a report in The Indian Express, one of many gadgets on the agenda would be the Basic Exchange and Cooperation Agreement (BECA). The pact offers with geospatial intelligence, and it’ll basically enable India to make use of the US’ geospatial intelligence for defence functions. As talked about within the article, this consists of topographical and aeronautical knowledge, and merchandise that may help navigation and focusing on. These will assist enhance the accuracy of missiles and armed drones.

Another key level of debate is predicted to be what a key US diplomat lately described as ‘the elephant within the room’ — growing Chinese assertiveness. Security-related co-operation within the Indo-Pacific area within the face of China’s aggressive behaviour and public well being collaboration within the context of the COVID-19 pandemic will even be among the many matters to be mentioned, an article in The Times of India quoted US officers as saying.

Previous editions of the talks

The first version of the two-plus-two dialogue was held in Delhi in September 2018 after the mechanism was accepted by Prime Minister Narendra Modi and US President Donald Trump.

During the primary version, the COMCASA (Communications Compatibility and Security Agreement) was signed between the 2 international locations. According to a joint assertion issued on the time, the settlement “will facilitate entry to superior defence techniques and allow India to optimally utilise its present U.S.-origin platforms.

The second version of the dialogue befell in Washington in December final 12 months. At that point, India and the US signed the DTTI Industry Collaboration Forum settlement and DTTI Standard Operating Procedure (SOP).

The DTTI (Defense Technology and Trade Initiative) Industry Collaboration Forum is supposed to supply a standing mechanism for creating and sustaining an India-US business dialogue on defence technological and industrial cooperation and to permit applicable business suggestions to be supplied to the India-US DTTI Group, the Pentagon had then stated.

2+2 talks with different international locations

Apart from the US, India has additionally held the same 2+2 dialogue with two different international locations which might be a part of the Quad grouping — Japan and Australia.

During the talks with Japan, held in November 2019, the 2 international locations mentioned a raft of strategic points together with developments within the disputed South China Sea, evolving safety state of affairs within the Indo-Pacific area and methods to spice up bilateral cooperation in co-development of army {hardware}, PTI had quoted officers as saying.

The third version of the two+2 dialogue with Australia was held in December 2019. According to a press release by the MEA on the time, the 2 international locations “emphasised the need for enhanced collaboration to counter the threat of terrorism and violent extremism through increased information sharing.”

With inputs from PTI

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