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In Graphics: Ahead of Bihar Polls, Here’s All You Need to Know About EVMs & VVPATs

Bihar, which has 243 meeting seats, will go to polls in three phases – October 28, November three and November 7. The counting of votes might be held on November 10. As the polls are being held amid the Covid-19 pandemic, the Election Commission stated that further precautions might be undertaken. Among the steps taken are an additional voting hour, separate voting for Covid sufferers, suspects and people in quarantine, and no bodily contact throughout the marketing campaign. Chief Election Commissioner Sunil Arora, whereas asserting the dates, had additionally stated that the Election Commission of Bihar has been offered an extra variety of EVMs together with VVPATs.

But how did the VVPAT change into a vital a part of our electoral course of? As the state gears up for the elections, Information18 seems on the VVPAT system, EVMs, and their capabilities.

What are VVPAT machines?

Voter Verifiable Paper Audit Trail (VVPAT) machines are used throughout election course of to confirm that the vote polled by a voter goes to the right candidate. VVPAT is a manner of giving suggestions to voters utilizing ballot-free voting system. This system offers the voter a possibility to confirm their vote. VVPAT has a sort of a printer linked to the EVM, enclosed in a glass case, in a fashion that solely the voter can see it. The VVPAT system was first launched throughout the 2014 common elections by the Election Commission.

After a voter pushes the button on the EVM in opposition to the chosen candidate, the VVPAT prints a slip bearing particulars such because the identify of the candidate and the election image and drops it robotically right into a sealed field. The slip is exhibited to the voter for seven seconds, after which the VVPAT machine drops in into the storage field with a beep sound. The function of a VVPAT is to substantiate the authenticity of the Electronic Voting Machines (EVMs).

How do EVMs Work?

Electronic voting is voting that employs digital strategies to facilitate or handle casting and counting votes. It is utilized in General in addition to state elections. Notably, it changed paper ballots in native, state and parliamentary polls.

An EVM is made up of two models: The management unit and balloting unit. These two are linked by a meter cable. When a voter [icks a candidate by urgent a button, the machine locks itself. Now, this EVM could be opened solely via a brand new poll quantity. This manner, EVMs assure that one particular person will get to vote solely as soon as.

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