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How JDU authorities is bridging Bihar’s political-economic divide by coverage actions

Bihar’s literacy fee amongst woman baby has constantly seen enchancment – it has grown to 61.1% now from 56.9% in 2015-16, as per fifth National Family Health Survey 2019-20.

By Sanjay Okay Jha, JDU

This is a rebuttal to an article written by Atul Okay Thakur, coverage skilled and analyst. Read the unique article right here.

Sanjay Okay Jha believes that the stated article doesn’t do justice to the work finished by Nitish Kumar as Chief Minister for 15 years. He provides that Bihar Government is dedicated in the direction of social empowerment and growth with a pointy deal with skilling for youth, ladies empowerment, self-sufficient rural financial system, city growth, infrastructure up-gradation and well being for all. Here’s Sanjay Okay Jha’s take:

One of the primary onerous duties of Nitish Kumar was to place again legislation and order in form, and he did it deftly. Secondly, he went about making certain that the livelihoods of nearly all of Biharis, who depend upon agriculture, was not affected. The state’s file on agriculture speaks for itself. In the final 5 years itself, for example, Bihar’s agriculture development fee has been at 7% in opposition to the nationwide development fee of two%. Thirdly, the general development charges of Bihar too have surpassed that of nationwide common. Against India’s common development fee of seven.5% between 2011-12 to 2018019, Bihar’s fee has been at 13.3%. The determine was 8.3% and 11.7% for the interval between 2004-05 and 2011-12.

Fourth, Bihar’s literacy fee amongst woman baby has constantly seen enchancment – it has grown to 61.1% now from 56.9% in 2015-16, as per fifth National Family Health Survey 2019-20. Bihar has given a brand new template of girls empowerment to the nation. Bihar was the primary state to declare 50 per cent reservation for ladies in panchayats and concrete native our bodies in 2006-07. We have addressed gender inequality constantly and lots of of our flagship schemes such because the Arakshit Rozgar Mahilaon ka Adhikar (employment for ladies), Mukhyamantri Kanya Utthan Yojana (for the woman baby) and Mukhyamantri Balika Cycle Yojana (to scale back the gender hole in training) bear testimony to this. Bihar has additionally seen a big rise within the variety of ladies proudly owning a financial institution financial savings account – from 26.4% in 2015-16 to 76.7% in 2019-20.

Fifth, Bihar has finished extremely properly on the infrastructure entrance. This is borne out of the truth that out of the 41 main street bridges within the state, 25 have been constructed throughout 15 years of Nitish Kumar as Chief Minister, whereas 16 have been constructed in 48 years, between 1947 and 2005. Similarly, equally serviceable lengths of all important street networks within the state have grown considerably from 19940.23 kms to 38932.44 kms as evidenced within the following segregated figures: From 2005 to 2019, the full nationwide freeway size within the state almost doubled from 7583 kms to 13172.52 kms; that of state freeway nearly tripled from 2803.74 kms to 7475.05 kms; whereas complete size of district roads (MDR)doubled from 9553.49 kms to 18284.87 kms.

It is equally noteworthy that between 2005 and 2020, 96,500 kms of rural roads have been constructed within the state connecting almost each habitation. It is well-known how we’ve created a community of roads and bridges throughout the state, enabling higher entry and mobility for individuals, a significant ingredient of growth. Between 2005 and 2020, the deliberate finances expenditure of the state’s Road Construction Department has been a whopping Rs 54,461 crore.

Sixth, there was important progress on the human growth entrance. Between 2011-12 and 2018-19, the extent of Per Capita Development Expenditure (PCDE) in Bihar has grown at 14.2%, in comparison with the nationwide common of 13.3%. The expenditure on training within the state elevated at an annual fee of 13.8%, which is increased than that of the all-India common of 12.8%. The expenditure on well being additionally registered an annual development fee of 20.8%, and was increased than that of the all-India common. To present a lift to baby welfare-related works, Bihar has began the ‘child budgeting’ in addition to recorded a lower in complete college dropouts from 2.17 lakh in 2016-17 to 1.44 lakh in 2018-19. Significantly, the share of elementary faculties with consuming water amenities in Bihar elevated from 93% in 2011-2012 to 99% in 2016-2017

Seventh, we’ve made speedy strides in agro-industries and different sectors, addressing employment and livelihoods. For occasion, an enabling coverage surroundings has led to egg manufacturing rising within the state from 111.17 crore in 2016-17 to 176.34 crore in 2018-19 and the full fish manufacturing has gone up from 4.79 lakh tones in 2013-14 to six.02 lakh tonnes in 2018-19. Similarly, the annual development fee of operational agro-based factories in Bihar was 16.4% over the past 10 years, in comparison with solely 3.3 % on the all India stage. In tandem, Bihar has given file productiveness in main crops –rice, wheat and maize; and as a befitting corollary to those indicators of progress, the state was bestowed with the Krishi Karman award for rice manufacturing in 2012, for wheat manufacturing in 2013 and for maize manufacturing in 2016.

The per capita consumption of the electrical energy within the state has risen from 145 kwh in 2012-13 to 311 kwh in 2018-19, implying development of 114% in six years and the provision of energy has elevated from a median of 6-Eight hours to 20-22 hours in rural areas and from 10-12 hours to 22-24 hours in city areas. All that is enabling higher requirements of residing, higher entry and avenues for training and enterprises.

The state’s thrust on offering a centered impetus for industrial development is mirrored within the current modification to the Bihar Industrial Investment Promotion Policy 2016 which has expanded the scopes of Bihar’ key precedence sectors, particularly Food Processing, Small Machine manufacturing, IT, ITeS, Electrical and Electronics Hardware manufacturing, Wood-based Industries and General Manufacturing sectors, in addition to the introduction of latest schemes such because the District Industrial Innovation scheme and Skill Mapping by District Counseling Centers.

It is pertinent to notice that a lot of the above is a part of offering enabling infrastructure assist for the workforce returning to Bihar publish lockdown. For occasion, below the District Industrial Innovation Scheme, a Start-Up Zone has been arrange in West Champaran district the place merchandise made by artisan-artists, who’ve returned from Delhi, Punjab, Gujarat and even overseas nations like Qatar, are on show. Several such manufacturing facilities are being arrange in districts throughout the state.

Special land pool of round 450 acres has been earmarked for preferential allotment to industries proposing to arrange models in Bihar. I’m as a lot happy to tell {that a} particular cell is being arrange in Chief Minister’s workplace for facilitation of worldwide traders and Bihari Diaspora, who’ve displayed lot of curiosity within the ‘New Bihar’ of Nitish Kumar.

Eighth, within the August of 2020, Bihar grew to become the primary state within the nation to have introduced collectively and efficiently collectivized over 1.22 crore ladies in 10.18 lakh self assist teams (SHGs) by the size and breadth of the state. The teams have efficiently transacted 13,871 crore of credit score below the Jeevika umbrella, a World Bank-supported poverty alleviation program operational within the state since 2007 to empower ladies and make them self-reliant. Jeevika benefited 45.5 lakh households by its numerous actions through the Corona pandemic, a outstanding achievement for Bihar within the discipline of girls’s empowerment, which bought ignored in your article.

Ninth, and a blatantly ignored achievement of the state in your article, pertains to the visionary local weather change initiative –Jal Jeevan Hariyali Abhiyan – undertaken by Bihar on the behest of Hon chief minister. You would be aware that not solely is that this initiative a novelty in India, but it surely has additionally gained gleaming accolades from world leaders and the United Nations for its path-setting enchantment as a complete ecological program and its potential to handle the carbon footprint challenge. At UN’s High-Level Climate Change Roundtable on 24 Sept 2020, Shri Nitish Kumar was the only real dignitary invited from India and he used the event to share highlights of Bihar’s environmental initiative with the august world viewers. This is probably additionally distinctive in that we sought to get the imaginative and prescient and idea of the initiative ratified by a particular joint session of the state legislature in July final.

Tenth, the Bihar authorities did commendable work through the pandemic, with measures together with transferring monetary help on to the accounts of twenty-one lakh of stranded migrant employees by the Bihar Sahayata Mobile App. This led to the state profitable the pandemic class of Digital India Awards 2020. Also, in a primary for the nation, Bihar authorities carried out a large “skills survey” of migrant employees returning to the state through the nationwide lockdown for his or her ability profiling.This database of abilities of Bihar’s migrant inhabitants would assist numerous departments in creating skills-based employment alternatives to enhance their financial circumstances.

Eleventh, different aid measures included sending direct help to the checking account of 1.64 crores ration card holders, 2.1 million households stranded exterior, and 1.6 million households in Bihar through the lockdown as a part of help to totally different classes of individuals. Additionally, three months’ pension was given upfront to the aged on the directions of the Hon Chief Minister, which benefited 1.Eight million aged individuals. Similarly, we ensured well timed disbursement in opposition to uniform, meal, books and associated help schemes by DBT to all financial institution accounts related to college college students of the state.

(Sanjay Okay Jha is the National General Secretary of JDU and MLC, Bihar. The views expressed are the creator’s personal.)

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