As some incidents of stubble burning have been reported from Punjab and Haryana, consultants have steered the federal government improve the subsidy stage, as farmers incur extra bills on utilizing completely happy seeder machine in addition to on prevention of pests and elevated utility of fertiliser for first three years.
The stubble burning in Punjab and Haryana is reported to have been persistently rising between September 1 and October 1, in response to Nasa information. In Punjab, from 40-50 hearth counts round September 19, these elevated to 255 on October 1, whereas in Haryana the quantity went up from 8-9 to 35 throughout this era.
Punjab had 76,590 incidents of stubble burning final yr, up from 52,991 in 2019 whereas Haryana had 5,000 counts in 2020, down from 6,652 in 2019, in response to surroundings ministry information.
“Incorporation of paddy straw or its retention through happy seeder for more than three years helps in increasing the wheat productivity and improves soil health. From fourth year onwards, 20 kg urea can be saved per acre,” an agriculture scientist of ICAR stated.
As Punjab makes use of round 14 lakh tonne of urea throughout rabi season, principally for wheat, a saving of 22% on this key fertiliser by decreasing its consumption with the adoption of completely happy seeder can even assist the federal government to avoid wasting round `400 crore.
The Indian Council of Agricultural Research (ICAR) has additionally admitted that by utilizing completely happy seeders, farmers can save on urea whereas additionally they incur further prices in spraying pesticides to forestall any pest assault in fields having massive a great deal of paddy straw, stated an knowledgeable.
According to advisory issued by ICAR final week, wheat farmers in Punjab want to make use of 5-10 kg extra seed per acre than really helpful in case of sowing with completely happy seeder. “Drill 65 kg DAP/acre at sowing and apply 40 kg urea/acre before first irrigation and broadcast another dose of 40 kg urea/acre before second irrigation,” the advisory stated, including 33 kg urea/acre could also be utilized earlier than sowing in heavy textured soils.
Normally, 90 kg urea and 55 kg DAP per acre in medium fertility soils are really helpful for wheat in Punjab. Similarly, 45 kg seed per acre for Unnat PBW 550 and 40 kg for all different varieties have been suggested for 2021-22 rabi season.
The authorities offers 50% subsidy on buy of completely happy seeder to particular person farmers and 75% help to group of farmers. The completely happy seeder machine is mounted on a tractor to sow wheat into the soil and whereas doing so, concurrently it cuts and lifts the paddy straw which is then used as mulch. Stubble burning has been in observe in these states for previous few years as farmers desire to burn the residues after harvesting paddy to clear the sector for sowing of wheat. The principal purpose is attributed to the labour price concerned in clearing the stubble which is greater than its market worth.
First fortnight of November is the optimum sowing time of wheat crop in Punjab and Haryana to get the most effective yield. However, sowing of lengthy length varieties could be commenced from the fourth week of October.
Though armyworm assault wheat often throughout March-April, nonetheless in latest occasions there have been cases of it in December, notably in fields having massive a great deal of paddy straw. This pest damages leaves and ear heads of the crop.