Italy hopes the trial will make clear a killing that shocked the nation and strained ties with Egypt, which has repeatedly denied that its officers had something to do with Regeni’s brutal demise.
“The search for the truth has always been, and will continue to be, a fundamental goal in our relations with Egypt,” Foreign Minister Luigi Di Maio instructed a parliamentary fee of inquiry into the case final month.
“Achieving a definitive picture, in the framework of a fair trial, will not bring Giulio back to his parents, but it will reaffirm the strength of justice, transparency and the rule of law in which he believed.”
A postgraduate scholar at Britain’s Cambridge University, Regeni disappeared within the Egyptian capital in January 2016. His physique was discovered virtually per week later and a autopsy examination confirmed he had been extensively tortured earlier than his demise.
Italian and Egyptian prosecutors investigated the case collectively, however the two sides later fell out and got here to very completely different conclusions.
The Italian prosecutors say Major Magdi Sharif, from Egypt’s General Intelligence, Major General Tarek Sabir, the previous head of state safety, police Colonel Hisham Helmy and Colonel Ather Kamal, a former head of investigations in Cairo metropolis, had been accountable for the “aggravated kidnapping” of Regeni.
Sharif has additionally been accused of “conspiracy to commit aggravated murder.”
The suspects have by no means responded publicly to the accusations and Egyptian police and officers have repeatedly denied any involvement in Regeni’s disappearance and killing.
Regeni’s mother and father had been amongst the primary to reach on the trial, which is being held in a high-security Rome jail.
Prime Minister Mario Draghi’s workplace stated the federal government could be a civil celebration within the case, indicating that it sees itself as a wronged celebration.
Court-appointed protection legal professionals say the trial shouldn’t be held as a result of it isn’t sure that any of the suspects know concerning the proceedings.
A decide overruled their objection at a preliminary listening to in May, saying information of the investigation would have reached them regardless. However, the trial decide might on Thursday resolve in any other case and demand one other effort is made to contact them.
Regeni had been in Cairo to analysis Egypt’s unbiased unions for his doctoral thesis. Associates say he was additionally within the long-standing domination of Egypt’s financial system by the state and navy. Both topics are delicate in Egypt.
Prosecutors say they’ve proof displaying that Sharif bought informants to observe Regeni and ultimately had him arrested in a Cairo metro station. The cost sheet says Sharif, and different, unidentified Egyptian officers, then tortured Regeni over a number of days, inflicting him “acute physical suffering.”
Egyptian authorities initially stated Regeni died in a street accident. They later stated he was the sufferer of a kidnapping by gangsters who had been subsequently caught and killed by police.
It is just not clear how lengthy the trial will final. The authorities has stated it’ll search to extradite anybody convicted within the case.