The Centre is contemplating imposing a short-term ban on exports of iron ore, for the reason that metal sector is going through a uncooked materials scarcity, Union minister for metal, petroleum and pure gasoline Dharmendra Pradhan mentioned on Thursday.
Domestic iron ore costs throughout grades has doubled from Rs 4,000 per tonne to Rs 8,000 per tonne on a mean, inflicting a spike in the price of metal manufacturing. Two tonne of ore are required for a single tonne of metal manufacturing.
Addressing the MCC Chamber’s annual common assembly right here, Pradhan mentioned, “India produces around 250 million tonne (mt) of iron ore per annum, whereas the requirement is around 180 mt. So the 70 mt will have to be exported,” Pradhan mentioned, however acknowledged the current brief provide state of affairs. Higher costs of metal might be a dampener for the development business, which is trying up, after the cessation of actions because of the pandemic-induced lockdown.
“TMT bars, used for construction, are now being sold at Rs 50,000 per tonne. Hot roll coil prices have gone up from Rs 35,000 per tonne to Rs 42,000 per tonne during the past few weeks. There will be no buyers of iron and steel at such a high price and projects will get halted. Even the infrastructure projects will become unviable if prices of construction material go up at such a level,” mentioned Lalit Beriwala, managing director, Shyam Steel.
West Bengal has 64 sponge iron and steel-making models and not one of the models have greater than 15 days of uncooked materials inventory. “ These units will close down in 15 to 30 days, if the government doesn’t take action to ensure iron ore supplies to the industry,” Beriwala mentioned.
Pradhan made clear that pricing was a matter of market dynamics and the federal government had no intentions to control in the marketplace forces, although provides was its concern.
The ore provide downside has emanated from the auctioned service provider mines of Orissa, which in the course of the first half of the fiscal has produced solely 4.06 mt towards a focused 24.47 mt in the course of the interval. The authorities as much as March this calendar 12 months has auctioned 21 of the 24 mines however solely seven mines have began manufacturing with the remaining not but beginning to produce. The 11 mines of Orissa Mining Corporation (OMC) and some different service provider mines, whose lease interval are but to run out, produce 4. 74 mt per 30 days on a mean however these mines have introduced down manufacturing to 2.14 mt as of August this 12 months, additional escalating the brief provides.
The 21 operational mines, which had been auctioned, after the sooner lease holders’ time period expired, have the capability to provide 90 mt every year. But most of those mines, save that of the JSW’s and AMNS’ (earlier Essar Steel), didn’t begin manufacturing. The little that JSW and AMNS produced, had been carried for their very own iron and metal models.
The operational mines had been bid out at premiums ranging between 94 and 150% over the bottom value of ore as set by the Bureau of Indian Standards. Besides the winners of the bids agreed to pay a royalty of 15% on the bottom value, 30% of the royalty as District Mineral Fund Contribution and a pair of% of the royalty to the National Mineral Exploration Trust. All these put collectively, specifically the excessive premiums, to be paid to the federal government, has made mining commercially unviable, for which most haven’t began manufacturing, although aggressively bade of them.