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Captaincy Test in Nazi Germany, Adolf Hitler Myth

When Adolf Hitler commissioned Nazi Germany’s favorite movie director Leni Reifanstahl to doc the 1936 Berlin Olympics, he and his propaganda minister Joseph Goebbels couldn’t have imagined that there could be one other nation, aside from the USA, refusing to salute the Fuhrer. The British India contingent comprised a bunch of inexperienced athletes with solely shining glory being a two-time champion hockey group led by its resident magician Major Dhyan Chand. The international media’s focus was the United Stated of America refusing the standard right-arm salute to Hitler through the opening ceremony however who would have thought {that a} contingent of novice athletes carrying golden ‘Kullahs’ and lightweight blue turban would do the unthinkable.

The contingent, with its flag-bearer Dhyan Chand, refused to salute and it was extra of an emotional resolution than political, taken by the group when the whole Third Reichsang the 2 nationwide hymns ‘Deutschland’ and ‘Horst Wessel Lied’. In the e book ‘Olympic History: The India Story’, co-authored by Boria Majumdar and Nalin Mehta, they’ve quoted Mirza Naseeruddin Masood, a member of the gold profitable group, narrating that opening ceremony. “It made a wierd impression upon the Indian contingent and never a watch was left dry. India rose earlier than our creativeness… Somehow the spring of our nationwide emotions was touched,and the unity and solidarity of the individuals within the ‘Stadium’ made us look with disgrace and remorse at our poverty, destitution and discord.” Masood was an achieved man past the sphere of hockey as he served the federal government of India in numerous capacities, which included being personal secretary of unbiased India’s first schooling minister, Maulana Abul Kalam Azad.

He was additionally UNNESCO Mission Chief to Australia, Consul General answerable for Muscat, Oman and at last Ambassador to Saudi Arabia. However, considered one of Masood’s greatest regrets was being denied India captaincy in 1936, regardless of being socially elite in comparison with Dhyan Chand. And only a few individuals knew that Masood was really additionally one of many 5 nationwide selectors entrusted with the responsibility of selecting the skipper.

Masood had, actually, made his displeasure clear in a e book he authored and revealed in 1937 ‘The World’s Hockey Champions’ — 1936′. For Dhyan Chand, what the score-line of India matches in that Olympics gained’t reveal is the great strain that he confronted as media stories urged that the defending champions had been now not invincible.

Also the truth that the 1932 Olympics, with out participation of main European nations as a result of Great Depression, grew to become a form of a sham and those that find out about hockey would inform that there wasn’t a variety of battle that India confronted whereas retaining the yellow metallic in Los Angeles. The notion gained credence when India misplaced to a choose Delhi XI 1-Four at Mori Gate floor within the nationwide capital. It was the identical Delhi XI that had been hammered 0-12 by the Indian group on its return from LA 4 years in the past. Dhyan Chand, in his autobiography ‘Goal’, which was first revealed in 1952 in weekly installments of the long-lasting ‘Sport and Pastime’ journal revealed by ‘The Hindu’ group, wrote about that loss previous to the Berlin Games.

“… This specific defeat stored worrying me. For the primary time I used to be captaining the Olympic group; will India lose the title below my cost?,” Dhyan Chand’s scepticism was evident in his autobiography. Hockey Federation solely had Rs 6600 in its coffers According to the e book, the Indian hockey federation wanted Rs 40,000 to ship the group and it required the Nizam of Hyderabad and the Gaekwads of Baroda to bail them out.

Nizam donated Rs 5000, the rulers of Baroda gave 200 GBP (Rs 3600 INR then) and, together with contributions from different princely states, ensured that the group boarded the ship. Another Rs 1700 was spent on flying Ishtiaque Dara on SOS, who performed an enormous function alongside Dhyan Chand within the enterprise finish of the match. Interestingly, through the subsequent Olympics in 1948, Dara had migrated to Pakistan submit partition and represented the brand new nation.

Training at Gulf of Aden ‘The Statesman’ despatched a correspondent to cowl the Games and outdated stories recommend that the primary 5 days of their voyage was tough and the gamers, usually used to coaching on the deck, needed to postpone their plans. Finally when the ship stopped for 4 hours on the ‘Gulf of Aden’, the Indian contingent discovered a brick-layered sandy discipline for a fast coaching session.

Suddenly they might come to know that 5/14 Sikh Regiment posted in Aden used that discipline. Once the phrase unfold that Dhyan Chand was there, the entire regiment got here out to obtain “considered one of theirs” and witness the coaching session. Autograph of Joseph Goebbels and Herman Goring Two of Hitler’s trusted males — chief propagandist Goebbels and Reichsmarschall Hermann Gring — had been there to make sure that no stone was left unturned of their quest to hold out the Fuhrer’s picture makeover together with the conduct of an unblemished occasion for which USD 30 million was being spent.

Call it a classical case of contradiction or irony however those that didn’t need to accord Hitler with the arm salute had been flocking to get autographs from two bonafide battle criminals. “One day whereas we had been within the eating corridor, who ought to stroll in however the burly Herman Goring, clad in his army apparel! We had been after him in a trice to get his autograph. Later a few of us obtained Dr Goebbels’ autograph,” Dhyan Chand had talked about.

An eight-goal affair in opposition to Hitler’s Germany Did Dhyan Chand face media scrutiny? Of course he did. After India gained the opening match in opposition to Hungary 4-0, the ‘Statesman in their next day’s report wrote, “Most disappointing was revelation that Dhyan Chand, world’s best centre ahead is previous his greatest days…” Just how dominant India were in that era could be understood by the fact that even after beating USA 7-0 and Japan 9-0, the media spoke about how “if Germany wins, it will be a lesson to India that she deserves.” Worst these observations had been fed by the group’s supervisor Pankaj Gupta. However, the tone and tenor modified as soon as France had been clobbered 10-Zero and after Germany had been crushed 8-1 within the last, Berlin’s ‘Morning Post’ lauded India’s effort. Legend has it that Dhyan Chand needed higher pace and mobility, and therefore, wore a rubber soled sneakers sacrificing the traditional spike boots on grass discipline. It helped him dribble at nice pace. He scored a dozen and the ‘Morning Post’s match report had some unforgettable strains. “These gamers it’s stated glided over turf as if it’s a skating rink and the flickering sticks had the Japanese, usually so agile, mesmerized.” Dhyan Chand was on high of the world, his group gained gold scoring 38 objectives, his place within the annals secured. He was ‘Captain Marvel’ and accepted in each echelons of the society that after discriminated in opposition to him.

Before Delhi’s National Stadium, Austria’s capital metropolis Vienna had the statue of Dhyan Chand erected. Post Script: Dhyan Chand by no means met Adolf Hitler in individual and the story of Hitler providing him a place in German Army, in response to students and researchers, is an city fantasy.

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