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50 international locations signal UN treaty to ban nuclear weapons, US sends them thinly veiled menace letter – World News , Firstpost

The United States had written to treaty signatories saying the Trump administration believes they made a strategic error and urging them to rescind their ratification.

50 countries sign UN treaty to ban nuclear weapons, US sends them thinly veiled threat letter

Military personnel observe a nuclear weapons check in Nevada, the United States, in 1951. Image Credit: US Government

The United Nations introduced Saturday that 50 international locations have ratified a UN treaty to ban nuclear weapons triggering its entry into drive in 90 days, a transfer hailed by anti-nuclear activists however strongly opposed by the United States and the opposite main nuclear powers.

As of Friday, the treaty had 49 signatories, and UN officers mentioned the 50th ratification from Honduras had been obtained.

This second has been 75 years coming because the horrific assaults on Hiroshima and Nagasaki, and the founding of the UN which made nuclear disarmament a cornerstone, mentioned Beatrice Fihn, govt director of the International Campaign to Abolish Nuclear Weapons, the 2017 Nobel Peace Prize-winning coalition whose work helped spearhead the nuclear ban treaty.

The 50 international locations that ratify this Treaty are exhibiting true management in setting a brand new worldwide norm that nuclear weapons should not simply immoral however unlawful.

The 50th ratification got here on the 75th anniversary of the ratification of the UN Charter which formally established the United Nations and is well known as UN Day.

The United Nations was fashioned to advertise peace with a objective of the abolition of nuclear weapons, Fihn mentioned.

This treaty is the UN at its greatest working carefully with civil society to convey democracy to disarmament.

The United States had written to treaty signatories saying the Trump administration believes they made a strategic error and urging them to rescind their ratification.

The US letter, obtained by The Associated Press, mentioned the 5 authentic nuclear powers — the US, Russia, China, Britain and France — and America’s NATO allies stand unified in our opposition to the potential repercussions of the treaty.

It says the Treaty on the Prohibition of Nuclear Weapons, often called the TPNW, turns again the clock on verification and disarmament and is harmful to the half-century-old Nuclear Nonproliferation Treaty, thought of the cornerstone of world nonproliferation efforts.

The TPNW is and can stay divisive within the worldwide neighborhood and danger additional entrenching divisions in present nonproliferation and disarmament fora that provide the one practical prospect for consensus-based progress, the letter mentioned.

It can be unlucky if the TPNW have been allowed to derail our capacity to work collectively to handle urgent proliferation.

Fihn has careworn that the nonproliferation Treaty is about stopping the unfold of nuclear weapons and eliminating nuclear weapons, and this treaty implements that. There’s no approach you’ll be able to undermine the Nonproliferation Treaty by banning nuclear weapons. It’s the tip objective of the Non-proliferation Treaty.

The NPT sought to stop the unfold of nuclear arms past the 5 authentic weapons powers. It requires non-nuclear signatory nations to not pursue atomic weapons in alternate for a dedication by the 5 powers to maneuver towards nuclear disarmament and to ensure non-nuclear states’ entry to peaceable nuclear know-how for producing power.

UN Secretary-General Antonio Guterres has supported the nuclear weapons ban treaty, calling it a ‘very welcome initiative.’

“It is clear for me that we will only be entirely safe in relation to nuclear weapons the day where nuclear weapons no longer exist”, he mentioned in an interview Wednesday with AP.

“We know that it’s not easy. We know that there are many obstacles.”

He expressed hope that numerous vital initiatives, together with US-Russia talks on renewing the New Start Treaty limiting deployed nuclear warheads, missiles and bombers and subsequent 12 months’s evaluate convention of the Nuclear Nonproliferation Treaty, will all converge in the identical route, and the ultimate goal should be to have a world with no nuclear weapons.

The treaty was authorized by the 193-member UN General Assembly on 7 July 2017, by a vote of 122 in favour, the Netherlands opposed, and Singapore abstaining.

Among international locations voting in favour was Iran. The 5 nuclear powers and 4 different international locations are recognized or believed to own nuclear weapons India, Pakistan, North Korea and Israel boycotted negotiations and the vote on the treaty, together with lots of their allies.

Setsuko Thurlow, a survivor of the 1945 bombing of Hiroshima, who has been an ardent campaigner for the treaty, mentioned: “When I learned that we reached our 50th ratification, I was not able to stand.”

“I remained in my chair and put my head in my hands and I cried tears of joy”, she mentioned in an announcement.

“I have committed my life to the abolition of nuclear weapons. I have nothing but gratitude for all who have worked for the success of our treaty.”

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