Indian-Americans, who represent the second-largest immigrant group within the US, frequently encounter discrimination and polarisation, based on a survey launched on Wednesday.
The report, ‘Social Realities of Indian Americans: Results from the 2020 Indian American Attitudes Survey” attracts on the Indian-American Attitudes Survey (IAAS) — a collaboration between the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace, Johns Hopkins-SAIS, and the University of Pennsylvania.
The findings of the report are based mostly on a nationally consultant on-line survey of 1,200 Indian-American residents within the US — the 2020 IAAS — carried out between September 1 and September 20, 2020, in partnership with the analysis and analytics agency YouGov, it mentioned in an announcement.
“Indian-Americans frequently encounter discrimination. One in two Indian Americans stories being discriminated towards previously one yr, with discrimination based mostly on pores and skin color recognized as the commonest type of bias.
“Somewhat surprisingly, Indian-Americans born within the United States are more likely to report being victims of discrimination than their foreign-born counterparts,” mentioned the report.
According to the report, Indian-Americans exhibit very excessive charges of marriage inside their neighborhood.
While eight out of 10 respondents have a partner or associate of Indian-origin, US-born Indian-Americans are 4 occasions extra prone to have a partner or associate who’s of Indian-origin however was born within the United States.
The survey discovered that faith performs a central position within the lives of Indian-Americans however non secular follow varies.
While practically three-quarters of Indian-Americans state that faith performs an vital position of their lives, non secular follow is much less pronounced.
Forty per cent of respondents pray not less than as soon as a day and 27 per cent attend non secular companies not less than as soon as every week.
The report notes that roughly half of all Hindu Indian-Americans establish with a caste group. Foreign-born respondents are considerably extra possible than US-born respondents to espouse a caste id. The overwhelming majority of Hindus with a caste id — greater than eight in 10 — self-identify as belonging to the class of General or higher caste.
“Indian-American” itself is a contested identity. While Indian-American is a commonly used shorthand to describe people of Indian-origin, it is not universally embraced. Only four in 10 respondents believe that “Indian-American” is the time period that finest captures their background, the report mentioned.
Civic and political engagement varies significantly by one’s citizenship standing. Across practically all metrics of civic and political participation, US-born residents report the very best ranges of engagement, adopted by foreign-born US residents, with non-citizens trailing behind.
Indian-Americans’ social communities are closely populated by different folks of Indian-origin. Indian-Americans — particularly members of the primary era — have a tendency to socialize with different Indian-Americans.
Internally, the social networks of Indian-Americans are extra homogenous by way of faith than both Indian area (state) of origin or caste.
The report says that polarisation amongst Indian-Americans displays broader developments within the American society.
“While non secular polarisation is much less pronounced at a person degree, partisan polarisation — linked to political preferences each in India and the United States — is rife. However, this polarisation is uneven: Democrats are a lot much less snug having shut pals who’re Republicans than the converse,” it mentioned.
The similar is true of Congress Party supporters vis-a-vis supporters of the BJP.
“To some extent, divisions in India are being reproduced throughout the Indian-American neighborhood. While solely a minority of respondents are involved in regards to the importation of political divisions from India to the United States, those that establish faith, political management and political events in India as the commonest components,” the report added.
Indian-Americans comprise barely greater than 1 per cent of the entire US population-and lower than 1 per cent of all registered voters.
Indian Americans are the second-largest immigrant group within the United States. There are 4.2 million folks of Indian origin residing within the United States, based on 2018 information.
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